Liste de nos séminaires

(ordre anti-chronologique)

Séminaire DAPA du 4 / 7 / 2017 à 10h

Big Data Analytics using Deep Learning and Information Theoretical Learning: Applications to Astronomy

Pablo A. Estévez (Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Chile, and Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Chile)

Lieu : LIP6, salle 105 (1er étage), couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Astronomy is facing a paradigm shift caused by the exponential growth of the sample size, data complexity and data generation rates of new sky surveys. To cope with a change of paradigm to data-driven science new computational intelligence, machine learning and statistical approaches are needed. In this talk I will present two main applications. The first is to discriminate periodic versus non-periodic light curves, and then estimate the period of the periodic ones. Light curves are one-dimensional time series of the brightness of a star versus time. We have developed several methods based on the correntropy function (generalized correlation using information theoretical learning concepts), which outperforms conventional approaches. Results using 32.8 million light curves will be presented. Interestingly, some of these techniques can be applied to other problems such as sleep EEG analysis, and I will present preliminary results on this topic too.
The second application is the automated real-time transient detection in astronomical images. The aim is to achieve real-time detection of supernovae and other transients with the Dark Energy Camera. A novel transient detection pipeline was developed. We have been applying convolutional neural nets (deep learning) to discriminate between true transients and bogus transients, among other techniques, e.g non-negative matrix factorization combined with random forests. Results using 1.5 million images will be presented. The new pipeline was successfully tested online in February 2015 finding more than 100 supernovae in a few days of telescope observation.


Pablo A. Estévez received his professional title in electrical engineering (EE) from Universidad de Chile, in 1981, and the M.Sc. and Dr.Eng. degrees from the University of Tokyo, Japan, in 1992 and 1995, respectively. He is a Full Professor with the Electrical Engineering Department, University of Chile, and former Chairman of the EE Department in the period 2006-2010.

Prof. Estévez is one of the founders of the Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS), Chile, which was created in January 2014. He is currently leading the Astroinformatics/Astrostatistics group at MAS. He has been an Invited Researcher with the NTT Communication Science Laboratory, Kyoto, Japan; the Ecole Normale Supérieure, Lyon, France, and a Visiting Professor with the University of Tokyo.

Prof. Estévez is an IEEE Fellow. He is currently the President of the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society (CIS) for the term 2016-2017. He has served as IEEE CIS President-elect (2015), CIS Vice-president of Members Activities (2011-2014), CIS ADCOM Member-at-Large (2008-2010), CIS Distinguished Lecturer (2006-2011) and as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks (2007-2012).

Prof. Estévez served as conference chair of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN), held in July 2016, in Vancouver, Canada, and general chair of the Workshop on Self-Organizing Maps (WSOM), held in December 2012, in Santiago, Chile. Currently he is serving as general co-chair of the 2018 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2018, to be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 2018.

His current research interests include big data, deep learning, neural networks, self-organizing maps, data visualization, feature selection, information theoretic-learning, time series analysis, and advanced signal and image processing. One of his main topics of research is the application of computational intelligence techniques to astronomical datasets, and EEG signals.

Plus d'information sur Pablo A. Estévez :

Séminaire DAPA du 4 / 5 / 2017 à 10h

Multi-Criteria Decision Making and Uncertainty

Ronald R. Yager (Machine Intelligence Institute, Iona College, New Rochelle, NY, USA)

Lieu : LIP6, salle 105 (1er étage), couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Multi-Criteria aggregation is a pervasive problem appearing in many technological domains. During this presentation we shall discuss some issue related to this task. One issue is the modeling of multi-criteria decision functions and a related issue is the evaluation of these decision functions in the face of uncertain information. One case we shall consider is the evaluation of the OWA operator when the satisfaction to the individual criteria is expressed via a probability distribution. We shall also consider the case of interval criteria satisfactions. We shall look at the role of fuzzy measures in the modeling process. One issue that must be dealt with is the ordering of the complex uncertain criteria satisfactions that is required to use the Choquet integral in the criteria aggregation.


Ronald R. Yager is Director of the Machine Intelligence Institute and Professor of Information Systems at Iona College. He is editor and chief of the International Journal of Intelligent Systems. He has published over 500 papers and edited over 30 books in areas related to fuzzy sets, human behavioral modeling, decision-making under uncertainty and the fusion of information. He is among the world’s most highly cited researchers with over 57,000 citations in Google Scholar. He was the 2016 recipient of the IEEE Frank Rosenblatt Award the most prestigious honor given out by the IEEE Computational Intelligent Society. He was the recipient of the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society Pioneer award in Fuzzy Systems. He received the special honorary medal of the 50-th Anniversary of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He received the Lifetime Outstanding Achievement Award from International the Fuzzy Systems Association. He received honorary doctorate degrees, honoris causa, from the Azerbaijan Technical University and the State University of Information Technologies, Sofia Bulgaria. Dr. Yager is a fellow of the IEEE, the New York Academy of Sciences and the Fuzzy Systems Association. He has served at the National Science Foundation as program director in the Information Sciences program. He was a NASA/Stanford visiting fellow and a research associate at the University of California, Berkeley. He has been a lecturer at NATO Advanced Study Institutes. He was a visiting distinguished scientist at King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia. He was an honorary professor at Aalborg University in Denmark. He received his undergraduate degree from the City College of New York and his Ph. D. from the Polytechnic Institute New York University. He recently edited a volume entitled Intelligent Methods for Cyber Warfare.

Plus d'information sur Ronald R. Yager :

Séminaire DAPA du 28 / 3 / 2017 à 11h

Quelques Résultats Récents dans le Domaine des Systèmes Robotiques Distribués Intelligents

Didier El Baz (Laboratoire d'analyse et d'architecture des systèmes)

Lieu : LIP6, salle 105 (1er étage), couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Dans cet exposé nous présentons nos travaux de recherche dans le domaine des systèmes robotiques distribués intelligents. Nous présentons notamment les travaux effectués dans le cadre des projets ANR Smart Surface et Smart Blocks qui ont porté sur la conception et la fabrication de convoyeurs distribués reconfigurables. En particulier, nous détaillons les aspects relatifs à l'algorithmique distribuée
pour la reconnaissance des pièces sur un convoyeur distribué et pour le déplacement des blocs.
Nous concluons par de nouveaux résultats sur la conception des blocs et de leurs moteurs linéaires.


Le Dr. Didier El Baz est ingénieur diplômé en Génie Electrique de l’INSA de Toulouse (1981). Didier El Baz est Docteur Ingénieur en Automatique de l’INSA de Toulouse (1984), diplômé du Programme d’Eté Data Networks du MIT, USA, 1984 et a reçu l’Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches de l’Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse en 1998. Didier El Baz a été Stagiaire Postdoctoral INRIA au Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems du MIT, USA, de mars 1984 à février 1985.

Didier El Baz est Chercheur CNRS, fondateur et responsable au LAAS-CNRS de l’équipe Calcul Distribué et Asynchronisme, CDA. Didier El Baz a été le porteur et le coordonnateur du projet ANR Calcul intensif pair à pair (ANR-07-CIS7-011) qui a commencé en 2008 et s’est achevé en 2011.

Les domaines de recherche de Didier El Baz concernent le calcul intensif, le calcul distribué, la conception et l’analyse d’algorithmes parallèles ou distribués, les itérations asynchrones. Les applications traitées vont de la commande optimale, à la résolution d’équations aux dérivées partielles discrétisées en passant par l’optimisation non linéaire, l’optimisation combinatoire et la robotique. Didier El Baz est l’auteur de quarante articles dans des revues scientifiques internationales et de soixante-dix articles dans des conférences internationales avec actes. Il a dirigé onze thèses de Doctorat.

Didier El Baz est membre du Comité de Programme de la Conférence Parallel Distributed and network-based Processing depuis 2003. Il membre du Steering Commitee de PDP depuis 2008. Didier El Baz a été Président du Comité de Programme de la conférence PDP en 2008 et 2009 et Président du Comité d’Organisation de PDP en 2008. Il a été General co-Chairman de la conférence internationale IEEE iThings 2013, Pékin après avoir été Workshops Chairman de IEEE iThings en 2012 à Besançon. Il a été Chairman du Comité de Programme de seize workshops Internationaux sur le calcul parallèle et distribué notamment en liaison avec des Symposiums comme IEEE IPDPS. Le Dr Ingénieur Didier El Baz a été Général Chairman de la 16ème conférence IEEE Scalable Computing and Communications, de la Conférence IEEE Cloud and Big Data Computing de la treizième conférence IEEE Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing ainsi

Séminaire DAPA du 23 / 3 / 2017 à 10h

Fouille textuelle et visuelle: innovations et transfert industriel

Hervé Le Borgne (CEA LIST)
Benjamin Labbe (CEA LIST)

Lieu : LIP6, salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Un premier volet concerne les activités scientifiques à travers deux
travaux publiés récemment. Le premier [1,2] concerne la représentation des
textes et des images dans des espaces communs de représentation, qui
peut être utile pour de nombreuses applications telles que la génération
automatique de légendes, l'illustration automatique d'un texte ou encore
la recherche d'images à partir d'une requête en langage naturel. Nous
présenterons divers principes permettant leur fabrication puis
présenterons certains biais de représentations qui y ont été identifiés.
Le second travail [3] présenté concerne le transfert d'apprentissage de
réseaux convolutifs (CNN). Nous abordons la question de l'universalité
des la représentation dans un tel contexte. Nous proposons un schéma
d'apprentissage des CNN qui permet d'améliorer significativement cette
universalité, en intégrant simplement les niveaux d'apprentissage de la
catégorisation humaine.
Un second volet de le présentation abordera les activités "de transfert
technologique" de l'équipe, au travers de deux applications vers des
industriels. Au delà des technologies proprement dites, nous parlerons
des difficultés rencontrées et du dimensionnement des problèmes et
systèmes manipulés.

[1] T. Q. N. Tran, H. Le Borgne, M. Crucianu, Aggregating Image and Text Quantized Correlated Components, CVPR 2016.

[2] T. Q. N. Tran, H. Le Borgne, M. Crucianu, Cross-modal Classification by Completing Unimodal Representations, ACM Multimedia 2016 Workshop: Vision and Language Integration Meets Multimedia Fusion.

[3] Tamaazousti Y., Le Borgne H., et Hudelot C. MuCaLe-Net: MultiCategorical-Level Networks to Generate More Discriminating Features. CVPR 2017.


Hervé Le Borgne is a researcher at the CEA LIST since 2006, carrying out
research on computer vision and multimedia retrieval. Previously, he
received his PhD from the INP Grenoble in 2004 and worked as a post-doc
at Dublin City university from 2004 to 2006. He published more than 50
articles in international conferences and journals. His research
interests include multimedia retrieval, computer vision, machine
learning and more generally multimedia mining in order to extract
semantic. He has served as a reviewer for several international
conferences and journals, including Computer Vision and Image
Understanding and Multimedia Tools and Applications. He has been a
project manager since 2006, both for public funded projects and
industrial contracts. He supervised 15 master students and co-advised
one PhD in collaboration with Ecole Centrale Paris. Currently, he
co-advises two PhD students, in collaboration with CNAM and Ecole
Centrale Paris.

Plus d'information sur Hervé Le Borgne :


Benjamin Labbé is a researcher at the CEA LIST since 2011, carrying out
transfer of technology and research on computer vision and multimedia retrieval.
He received his PhD in computer science from the INSA Rouen in 2011.
His research interests include first of all machine learning since its PhD to design
multiclass and novelty detecting support vector machines in the context
of naval infrared defensive systems. Then his research interests spread
out to computer vision and large scale multimedia retrieval. One of his last
achievements is the transfer to industrial partners of the image retrieval
software framework ELISE for copy detection, instance search and semantic image annotation.

Séminaire DAPA du 9 / 3 / 2017 à 10h

Massive Online Analytics for the Internet of Things (IoT)

Albert Bifet (Telecom ParisTech)

Lieu : salle 405, couloir 24-25, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Big Data and the Internet of Things (IoT) have the potential to fundamentally shift the way we interact with our surroundings. The challenge of deriving insights from the Internet of Things (IoT) has been recognized as one of the most exciting and key opportunities for both academia and industry. Advanced analysis of big data streams from sensors and devices is bound to become a key area of data mining research as the number of applications requiring such processing
increases. Dealing with the evolution over time of such data streams, i.e., with concepts that drift or change completely, is one of the core issues in stream mining. In this talk, I will present an overview of data stream mining, and I will introduce
some popular open source tools for data stream mining.


Albert Bifet is Associate Professor at Telecom ParisTech and Honorary Research Associate at the WEKA Machine Learning Group at University of Waikato. Previously he worked at Huawei Noah's Ark Lab in Hong Kong, Yahoo Labs in Barcelona, University of Waikato and UPC BarcelonaTech. He is the author of a book on Adaptive Stream Mining and Pattern
Learning and Mining from Evolving Data Streams. He is one of the leaders of MOA and Apache SAMOA software environments for implementing algorithms and running experiments for online learning from evolving data streams. He was serving as Co-Chair of the Industrial track of IEEE MDM 2016, ECML PKDD 2015, and as Co-Chair of BigMine (2015, 2014, 2013, 2012), and ACM SAC Data Streams Track (2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012).

Plus d'information sur Albert Bifet :

Séminaire DAPA du 1 / 3 / 2017 à 14h

Models for pessimistic or optimistic decisions under different uncertain scenarios

Giulianella Coletti (University of Perugia, Italy)

Lieu : LIP6, salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

We consider a problem in the ambit of decisions under uncertainty, i.e., we study situations where a (not necessarily complete) preference relation is given on an arbitrary set of gambles and the decision model of reference is the Choquet expected value with respect to a belief or a plausibility function. For this aim we introduce two rationality principles which are necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a belief function or a plausibility function such that the corresponding Choquet integral represents the relation.
Nevertheless sometimes a decision maker could be either not able or not interested in giving preferences among gambles, but he could only be able to specify his preferences under the hypothesis that a particular event happens. In other words, he could not be able to express his preference relation under a generic scenario, but could assess it under various scenarios, which are taken into account at the same time. So we need to consider the Choquet expected values with respect to a conditional belief or plausibility function as decision model.
As is well known there are several notions of conditioning for belief or plausibility functions in the literature. The choice of the different conditioning notions heavily impacts on the properties of relations represented by the above model.


Giulianella Coletti is a Full Professor of Probability and Mathematical Statistics at the University of Perugia, Italy. She has been Coordinator of the "Dottorato di Ricerca" (Ph.D. school) "Mathematics and Informatics to Handle and Represent Information and knowledge " at University of Perugia since 2003 and Supervisor for the "Dottorato di Ricerca" (Ph.D. school) in Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics, promoted by University of Florence, University of Perugia and INdAM since 2012. She has also been a member of the Scientific Committee of INdAM (Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica) since 2013. Her main fields of interest are: probability, non additive uncertainty measures, decision making, theory of measurements.
She is the author of more than 160 articles, 1 book (edited by Kluwer) and she is the editor of 4 books (edited by Elsevier, Springer, Plenum Press, CNR Applied Mathematics Monographs- Giardini Editori ) and of some special issues for international journals.

Plus d'information sur Giulianella Coletti :

Séminaire DAPA du 22 / 2 / 2017 à 14h

Riding the Big IoT Data Wave: Complex Analytics for IoT Data Series

Themis Palpanas (LIPADE, Université Paris-Descartes)

Lieu : LIP6, salle 101, couloir 26-00, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

The realization of the Internet of Things (IoT) is creating an unprecedented tidal data wave, consisting of the collection of continuous measurements from an enormous number of sensors. The goal is to better understand, model, and analyze real-world phenomena, interactions, and behaviors. Consequently, there is an increasingly pressing need for developing techniques able to index and mine very large collections of sequences, or data series. This need is also present across several applications in diverse domains, ranging (among others) from engineering, telecommunications, and finance, to astronomy, neuroscience, and the web. It is not unusual for the applications mentioned above to involve numbers of data series in the order of hundreds of millions to billions, which are often times not analyzed in their full detail due to their sheer size.

In this talk, we describe recent efforts in designing techniques for indexing and mining truly massive collections of data series that will enable scientists to easily analyze their data. We show that the main bottleneck in mining such massive datasets is the time taken to build the index, and we thus introduce solutions to this problem. Furthermore, we discuss novel techniques that adaptively create data series indexes, allowing users to correctly answer queries before the indexing task is finished. We also show how our methods allow mining on datasets that would otherwise be completely untenable, including the first published experiments using one billion data series.

Finally, we present our vision for the future in big sequence management research.


Themis Palpanas is a professor of computer science at the Paris
Descartes University (France), where he is a director of the Data
Intensive and Knowledge Oriented Systems (diNo) group. He received
the BS degree from the National Technical University of Athens,
Greece, and the MSc and PhD degrees from the University of Toronto,
Canada. He has previously held positions at the University of Trento
and the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center. He has also worked for the
University of California, Riverside, and visited Microsoft Research
and the IBM Almaden Research Center. His research solutions have been
implemented in world-leading commercial data management products
and he is the author of nine US patents. He is the recipient of
three Best Paper awards (including ICDE and PERCOM), and the IBM
Shared University Research (SUR) Award in 2012, which represents
a recognition of research excellence at worldwide level. He has been
a member of the IBM Academy of Technology Study on Event Processing,
and is a founding member of the Event Processing Technical Society.
He has served as General Chair for VLDB 2013, the top international
conference on databases. His research has been supported by the EU,
CNRS, NSF, Facebook, IBM Research, Hewlett Packard Labs, and Telecom

Plus d'information sur Themis Palpanas :

Séminaire DAPA du 2 / 2 / 2017 à 14h

From mining under constraints to mining with constraints

Ahmet Samet (IRISA, University of Rennes 1)

Lieu : salle 101, couloir 26-00, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

The mining of frequent itemsets from uncertain databases has become a very hot topic within the data mining community over the last few years. Although the extraction process within binary databases constitutes a deterministic problem, the uncertain case is based on expectation. Recently, a new type of databases also referred as evidential database that handle the constraint of having both uncertain and imprecise data has emerged. In this talk, we present an applicative study case of evidential databases use within the chemistry field. Then, we shed light on a WEvAC approach for amphiphile molecule properties prediction.

Furthermore, the most existing approaches of pattern mining, which are based on procedural programs (as we often use/develop), would require specific and long developments to support the addition of extra constraints. In view of this lack of flexibility, such systems are not suitable for experts to analyze their data. Recent researches on pattern mining have suggested to use declarative paradigms such as SAT, ASP or CP to provide more flexible tools for pattern mining. The ASP framework has been proven to be a good candidate for developing flexible pattern mining tools. It provides a simple and principled way for incorporating expert's constraints within programs.


Ahmed Samet is a post-doctoral researcher at the University of Rennes 1. He received his M.Sc. degree in Computer Science from the Université de Tunis (Tunisia) in 2010. Then, he obtained a Ph.D. in Computer Science within a Cotutelle agreement between the Université de Tunis (Tunisia) and Université d'Artois (France). He held, at first, the position of a postdoctoral researcher with Sorbonne University: Université de technologie de Compiegne (France). His research topics involve decision making, machine learning under uncertainty and data mining.

Plus d'information sur Ahmet Samet :

Séminaire DAPA du 14 / 12 / 2016 à 10h

Challenges and issues with data quality measurement

Antoon Bronselaer (DDCM research group, Ghent University, Belgium)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Over the past years, challenges in data management having gained more and more attention. Assessment of quality of data is one such challenge that has tremendous potential. In this talk, we revise the current state-of-the-art about measurement of data quality and argue that there is a great need of fundamental research to establish formal systems for measurement of data quality. We revise a formal framework that was proposed very recently and expresses quality in an ordinal manner. We then show the role of uncertainty modelling within this framework. We conclude the talk with revising the role of fusion functions within systems of measurement of data.


Antoon Bronselaer is assistant professor at Ghent University and member of the DDCM research group ( Over the past ten years, he has been conducting research in the field of data quality, with an emphasis on the application of uncertainty models.

Plus d'information sur Antoon Bronselaer :

Séminaire DAPA du 8 / 12 / 2016 à 11h

Linguistic summaries of process data

Anna Wilbik (Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Linguistic summarization techniques make it easy to gain insight into large amounts of data by describing the main properties of the data linguistically. We focus on a specific type of data, namely process data, i.e., event logs that contain information about when some activities were performed for a particular customer case. An event log may contain many different sequences, because actions or events are often performed in slightly different orders for different customer cases.

We discuss protoforms that are designed to capture process specific information. Linguistic summaries can capture information on the tasks or sequences of tasks that are frequently executed as well as properties of these tasks or sequences, such as their throughput and service time. Such information is of specific interest in the context of process analysis and diagnosis.
Through a case study with a data from practice, we show that the knowledge derived from these linguistic summaries is useful for identifying problems in processes and establishing best practices.


Anna Wilbik received her Ph.D degree in computer science from the Systems Research Institute, Polish Academy of Science, Warsaw, Poland in 2010. She is currently an Assistant Professor at School of Industrial Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands. In 2011 she was a Post-doctoral Fellow at Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA. In 2012 she participated in TOP 500 Innovators: Science - Management – Commercialization Program of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education. Her research interests include linguistic summaries, data analysis, machine learning, and computational intelligence with a focus on applications in healthcare.

Plus d'information sur Anna Wilbik :

Séminaire DAPA du 20 / 7 / 2016 à 10h

Soft Hierarchical Analytics for Discrete Event Sequences

Trevor Martin (Artificial Intelligence Group, Bristol University)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Over recent years, increasing quantities of data have been generated and recorded about many aspects of our lives. In cases such as internet logs, physical access logs, transaction records, email and phone records, the data consists of multiple overlapping sequences of events related to different individuals and entities. Identification and analysis of such event sequences is an important task which can be used to find similar groups, predict future behaviour and to detect anomalies. It is ideally suited to a collaborative intelligence approach, in which human analysts provide insight and interpretation, while machines perform data collection, repetitive processing and visualisation. An important aspect of this process is the common definition of terms used by humans and machines to identify and categorise similar (and dissimilar) events.

In this talk we will argue that fuzzy set theory gives a natural framework for the exchange of information, and interaction, between analysts and machines. We will describe a new approach to the definition of fuzzy hierarchies, and show how this enables event sequences to be extracted, compared and mined at different levels of resolution.


Trevor Martin (M’07) is a Professor of artificial intelligence at the University of Bristol, U.K. He received the B.Sc. degree in chemical physics from the University of Manchester, in 1978, and the Ph.D. degree in quantum chemistry from the University of Bristol, in 1984. Since 2001, he has been funded by British Telecommunications (BT) as a Senior Research Fellow, for his research on soft computing in intelligent information management, including areas such as the semantic Web, soft concept hierarchies, and user modeling.

Plus d'information sur Trevor Martin :

Séminaire DAPA du 9 / 6 / 2016 à 10h

Vers une approche Agile d’Informatique Décisionnelle basée sur le Soft Computing

Gregory Smits (IUT de Lannion - département R&T)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

La valeur ajoutée d’un jeu de données réside dans les connaissances qu’un expert du domaine peut en extraire. Pour faire face à l’accroissement constant de la volumétrie des jeux de données qu’un expert a à traiter, des outils efficaces doivent être développés afin notamment de générer des explications concises, pertinentes et intelligibles décrivant les données et leur structure. Le terme Informatique Décisionnelle Agile (IDA) désigne les techniques visant à aider les experts (assureurs, décideurs, communicants, etc.) dans l’analyse de données métiers. Au cours de ce séminaire, une approche d’IDA basée sur l’utilisation de théories et techniques issues du soft computing sera présentée. Le soft computing est utilisé dans ce cadre applicatif pour construire une interface entre l’espace numérique/catégoriel de description des données et l’espace conceptuel/linguistique du raisonnement humain. Basé sur une modélisation du vocabulaire subjectif de l’expert, des explications linguistiques et personnalisées sont générées efficacement pour offrir une vue synthétique des données et de leur structure intrinsèque. Ces explications linguistiques sont ensuite traduites sous forme de visualisation graphique qui constitue également une interface expressive d’exploration des données. Les résultats de premières expérimentations montrent la pertinence et l’efficacité de l’utilisation du soft computing dans ce contexte.


Grégory Smits a obtenu un doctorat d’informatique en traitement automatique des langues naturelles à l’université de Caen (France) en 2008. Il est actuellement maître de conférence à l’IUT de Lannion (Université de Rennes 1) et est membre du laboratoire IRISA (Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systèmes Aléatoires). Au sein de l’équipe SHAMAN (dépt. Data and Knowledge Management), ses recherches concernent principalement l’interrogation flexible de bases de données ainsi que les stratégies de réponse coopérative.

Plus d'information sur Gregory Smits :

Séminaire DAPA du 7 / 3 / 2016 à 17h

A Survey of Applications and Future Directions of Computational Intelligence

Gary Fogel (Natural Selection, Inc.)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Computational intelligence (CI) has a rich history of inspiration from natural systems. While the field continues to grow with new inspiration and methods, application of CI to real-world problems also continues to increase. CI is used on a daily basis in everything from rice cookers to electronic games, by transportation companies and financial analysts, in drug design and diagnostics. While these "non-traditional" methods of decision making accelerate to the marketplace, their acceptance requires and understanding of the advantages and limitations of CI approaches. This survey will introduce the public to CI methods and provide the necessary background to appreciate and understand their current and possible future applications in society.


Gary B. Fogel is Chief Executive Officer of Natural Selection, Inc. in San Diego, California. He received a B.A. in Biology from the University of California, Santa Cruz and a Ph.D. in Biology from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1998. His current research interests are the broad application of computational intelligence approaches to industry, medicine, and defense, focusing mainly on biomedical and chemical applications. He has authored over 100 peer-reviewed publications including the co-edited books Evolutionary Computation in Bioinformatics (Morgan Kauffman, 2003) and Computational Intelligence in Bioinformatics (Wiley-IEEE Press, 2008). He is an IEEE Fellow and serves as Editor-in-Chief of the Elsevier journal BioSystems and has served on the editorial boards of 7 other journals. He currently serves on the Administrative Committee for the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society and will soon receive the 2016 IEEE CIS Meritorious Service Award.

Séminaire DAPA du 22 / 10 / 2015 à 10h

Ensemble Approaches in Learning

Xin Yao (University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, President of the IEEE Computational Intelligence Sociey)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Designing a monolithic system for a large and complex learning task is hard.
Divide-and-conquer is a common strategy in tackling such large and complex
problems. Ensembles can be regarded an automatic approach towards automatic
divide-and-conquer. Many ensemble methods, including boosting, bagging,
negative correlation, etc., have been used in machine learning and data mining
for many years. This talk will describe three examples of ensemble methods,
i.e., multi-objective learning, online learning with concept drift, and
multi-class imbalance learning. Given the important role of diversity in
ensemble methods, some discussions and analyses will be given to gain a better
understanding of how and when diversity may help ensemble learning.

Some materials used in the talk are based on the following papers:

  • A Chandra and X. Yao, ``Ensemble learning using multi-objective evolutionary
    algorithms,'' Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms, 5(4):417-445,
    December 2006.
  • L. L. Minku and X. Yao, "DDD: A New Ensemble Approach For Dealing With Concept
    Drift,'' IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 24(4):619-633,
    April 2012.
  • S. Wang and X. Yao, ``Multi-Class Imbalance Problems: Analysis and Potential
    Solutions,'' IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part B,
    42(4):1119-1130, August 2012.

Xin Yao is a Chair (Professor) of Computer Science and the Director of CERCIA
(Centre of Excellence for Research in Computational Intelligence and
Applications) at the University of Birmingham, UK. He is an IEEE Fellow and
the President (2014-15) of IEEE Computational Intelligence Society (CIS). His
work won the 2001 IEEE Donald G. Fink Prize Paper Award, 2010 and 2015 IEEE
Transactions on Evolutionary Computation Outstanding Paper Awards, 2010 BT
Gordon Radley Award for Best Author of Innovation (Finalist), 2011 IEEE
Transactions on Neural Networks Outstanding Paper Award, and many other best
paper awards. He won the prestigious Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award
in 2012 and the 2013 IEEE CIS Evolutionary Computation Pioneer Award.
His major research interests include evolutionary computation, ensemble
learning, and their applications, especially in software engineering.

Plus d'information sur Xin Yao :

Séminaire DAPA du 8 / 10 / 2015 à 10h

Contributions à la fouille de données complexes : données géographiques imprécises et/ou données massives

Cyril de Runz (Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne (Groupe Signal, Image et Connaissance - SIC))

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

L'objectif porte sur la prise en compte de la véracité dans la fouille, visuelle ou non, de données géographiques imprécises et/ou de données massives. Notre travail porte premièrement sur la considération de la représentativité de la donnée floue dans un ensemble, deuxièmement sur la nuanciation des décisions de classements par l'intermédiaire des couleurs et troisièmement sur la collaboration à grande échelle des approches pour améliorer la validité des décisions. . Nos méthodes se basent notamment sur la définition d'indices temporels flous, de graphes, de rangs, de représentativité, de coloriage guidé par les données, etc. Pour cela, nous nous sommes aussi, en partie, appuyés sur des outils et méthodes compatibles avec MapReduce, à l'instar des cartes de Kohonen, et sur la distribution des opérateurs sur le nuage.
Mes contributions contribuent à une meilleure appréhension des données complexes (imprécises, massives, spatiales, temporelles) dans le cadre de leur fouille et leur visualisation.


Après avoir obtenu en 2005 un master recherche en intelligence artificielle à l'Université Paul Sabatier (Toulouse, France), j'ai soutenu en 2008 un doctorat en informatique à l'Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne. Je suis, depuis septembre 2009, Maître de Conférences à l'Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne et j'effectue mes recherches au CReSTIC. Je suis pour l'année 2015-2016 en délégation CNRS au LIP6 (équipe LFI).

Mes travaux portent sur la gestion de l'information spatiotemporelle imparfaite. Dans ce cadre, mes centres d'intérêt sont la fouille de données complexes, l'analyse/traitement de données spatio-temporelles imparfaites, les systèmes d'information géographique, l'exploration visuelle de données et, depuis deux ans, les problématiques liées au Big Data.

Plus d'information sur Cyril de Runz :

Séminaire DAPA du 28 / 5 / 2015 à 11h15

A Fuzzy Rule-Based Approach to Single Frame Super Resolution

Nikhil Pal (Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

High quality image zooming is an important problem. The literature is rich with many methods for it. Some of the methods use multiple low resolution (LR) images of the same scene with different sub-pixel shifts as input to generate the high resolution (HR) images, while there are others, which use just one LR image to obtain the HR image. In this talk we shall discuss a novel fuzzy rule based single frame super resolution scheme. This is a patch based method, where for zooming each LR patch is replaced by a HR patch generated by a Takagi-Sugeno type fuzzy rule-based system. We shall discuss in details the generations of the training data, the initial generation of the fuzzy rules, refinement of the rules, and how to use such rules for generation of SR images. In this context we shall also discuss a Gaussian Mixture Regression (GMR) model for the same problem. To demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed fuzzy rule-based system, we shall compare its performance with that of six methods including the GMR method in terms of multiple quality criteria.


Nikhil R. Pal is a Professor in the Electronics and Communication Sciences Unit of the Indian Statistical Institute. His current research interest includes bioinformatics, brain science, fuzzy logic, pattern analysis, neural networks, and evolutionary computation.
He is currently the Vice President for Publications of the IEEE CIS.
He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences, India, a Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, a Fellow of the International Fuzzy Systems Association (IFSA), and a Fellow of the IEEE, USA.
Nikhil R. Pal is an invited professor of the UPMC from May 22 to June 20, 2015.

Plus d'information sur Nikhil Pal :

Séminaire DAPA du 28 / 5 / 2015 à 10h

Does it all add up? A study of fuzzy protoform linguistic summarization of time series

Jim Keller (University of Missouri (USA))

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Producing linguistic summaries of large databases or temporal sequences of measurements is an endeavor that is receiving increased attention. These summaries can be used in a continuous monitoring situation, like eldercare, where it is important to ascertain if the current summaries represent an abnormal condition. Primarily a human, such as a care giver in the eldercare
example, is the recipient of the set of summaries describing a time range, for example, last night’s activities. However, as the number of sensors and monitored conditions grow, sorting through a fairly large number of summaries can be a burden for the person, i.e., the summaries stop being information and become yet one more pile of data. It is therefore necessary to automatically process sets of summaries to condense the data into more manageable chunks.
The first step towards automatically comparing sets of digests is to determine similarity. For fuzzy protoform based summaries, we developed a natural similarity and proved that the associated dissimilarity is a metric over the space of protoforms. Utilizing that distance measure, we defined and examined several fuzzy set methods to compute dissimilarity between sets of summaries, and most recently utilized these measures to define prototypical behavior over a large number of normal time periods.

In this talk, I will cover the definition of fuzzy protoforms, define our (dis)similarity, outline the proof that it is a metric, discuss the fuzzy aggregation methods for sets of summaries, and show how prototypes are formed and can used to detect abnormal nights. The talk will be loaded with actual examples from our eldercare research. There is much work to be done and hopefully, more questions than answers will result from the discussion.

Sponsored by the Computational Intelligence Society under its Distinguished Lecturer Program


James M. Keller is a Curators Professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering and Computer Science departments at the University of Missouri as well as R. L. Tatum Professor for the college. Keller’s research interests are in computational intelligence with current applications to eldercare technology, bioinformatics, geospatial intelligence and landmine detection.

James M. Keller is a CIS Distinguished Lecturer.

Plus d'information sur Jim Keller :

Séminaire DAPA du 12 / 3 / 2015 à 14h

Grille bivariée pour la détection de changement dans un flux étiqueté

Vincent Lemaire (Orange Labs)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Cet exposé présentera :

  1. le contexte de la détection de concept drift dans un flux étiqueté : en analyse prédictive et en apprentissage automatique, on parle de dérive conceptuelle lorsque les propriétés statistiques de la variable cible, que le modèle essaie de prédire, évoluent au cours du temps d'une manière imprévue. Ceci pose des problèmes parce que les prédictions deviennent moins exactes au fur et à mesure que le temps passe. La dérive conceptuelle est une des contraintes en fouille de flux de données.

  2. une méthode en-ligne de détection de changement de concept dans un flux étiqueté : elle est basée sur un critère supervisé bivarié qui permet d’identifier si les données de deux fenêtres proviennent ou non de la même distribution. Notre méthode a l’intérêt de n’avoir aucun a priori sur la distribution des données, ni sur le type de changement et est capable de détecter des changements de différentes natures (changement dans la moyenne, dans la variance...). Les expérimentations montrent que notre méthode est plus performante et robuste que les méthodes de l’état de l’art testées.


Vincent Lemaire is a senior expert in data-mining. His research interests are the application of machine learning in various areas for telecommunication companies with an actual main application in data mining for business intelligence. He developed exploratory data analysis and classification interpretation tools.

Plus d'information sur Vincent Lemaire :

Séminaire DAPA du 15 / 1 / 2015 à 14h

Tensor factorization for multi-relational learning

Raphael Bailly (Heudiasyc, Université Technologique de Compiègne, France)

Lieu : salle 101, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Learning relational data has been of a growing interest in fields as diverse as modeling social networks, semantic web, or bioinformatics. To some extent, a network can be seen as multi-relational data, where a particular relation represents a particular type of link between entities. It can be modeled as a three-way tensor.

Tensor factorization have shown to be a very efficient way to learn such data. It can be done either in a 3-way factorization style (trigram, e.g. RESCAL) or by sum of 2-way factorization (bigram, e.g TransE). Those methods usually achieve state-of-the-art accuracy on benchmarks. Though, all those learning methods suffer from regularization processes which are not always adequate.

We show that both 2-way and 3-way factorization of a relational tensor can be formulated as a simple matrix factorization problem. This class of problems can naturally be relaxed in a convex way. We show that this new method outperforms RESCAL on two benchmarks.


R. Bailly is currently post-doc at Heudiasyc (since march 2014), Compiègne. He works with Antoine Bordes and Nicolas Usunier on multi-relational learning and word embeddings. He was previously in Barcelona for a post-doc with Xavier Carreras, whith whom he worked on spectral methods applied to unsupervised setting.

Plus d'information sur Raphael Bailly :

Séminaire DAPA du 27 / 11 / 2014 à 10h

The Frank-Wolfe Algorithm: Recent Results and Applications to High-Dimensional Similarity Learning and Distributed Optimization

Aurélien Bellet (Télécom ParisTech)

Lieu : salle 105, couloir 25-26, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

The topic of this talk is the Frank-Wolfe (FW) algorithm, a greedy procedure for minimizing a convex and differentiable function over a compact convex set. FW finds its roots in the 1950's but has recently regained a lot of interest in machine learning and related communities. In the first part of the talk, I will introduce the FW algorithm and review some recent results that motivate its appeal in the context of large-scale learning problems. In the second part, I will describe two applications of FW in my own work: (i) learning a similarity/distance function for sparse high-dimensional data, and (ii) learning sparse combinations of elements that are distributed over a network.


Aurélien Bellet is currently a postdoc at Télécom ParisTech. Previously, he worked as a postdoc at the University of Southern California and received his Ph.D. from the University of Saint-Etienne in 2012. His main research topic is statistical machine learning, with particular interests in metric/similarity learning and large-scale/distributed learning.

Plus d'information sur Aurélien Bellet :